Glistenings, anterior/posterior capsular opacification and incidence of Nd:YAG laser treatments with two aspheric hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses - a long-term intra-individual study.


Johansson B1,2.


PURPOSE: To compare two hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses (IOLs) regarding long-term anterior/posterior capsular opacification (ACO/PCO) development and need for neodymium:Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet (Nd:YAG) laser treatment due to visually disturbing PCO, and to study development of glistenings in the IOL materials.

METHODS: In a prospective, randomized, intra-individual, comparative trial, 50 cataract patients received either an AcrySof IQ® SN60WF (Alcon, Fort Worth, TX, USA) or a Tecnis® ZCB00 (Abbott Medical Optics, Santa Ana, CA, USA) IOL in the first operated eye, and the second eye received the IOL type not implanted in the first eye. Anterior/posterior capsular opacification (ACO/PCO) and fibrosis were monitored with slit-lamp photography and semi-automated digital analysis 2 and 3 years postoperatively. Glistenings were semi-quantitatively assessed in slit-lamp photographs. Nd:YAG laser treatment for visually disturbing PCO was monitored.

RESULTS: Visual outcomes were similar for the two IOLs. Anterior capsular fibrosis and/or opacification developed more often in SN60WF eyes. Mean PCO area percentage was larger in ZCB00 eyes 3 years after surgery, but severity score did not differ with statistical significance between the two IOLs. Six ZCB00 eyes and 2 SN60WF eyes underwent Nd:YAG laser treatment during a mean of 4 years 8 months after surgery. This difference was not statistically significant. A high amount of glistenings developed in most SN60WF IOLs, while only few ZCB00 IOLs displayed a low degree of glistenings.

CONCLUSIONS: Visual outcomes, PCO development over time and need for Nd:YAG laser treatment were similar for the two IOLs. Anterior capsule fibrosis/contraction and glistenings were more pronounced with the SN60WF IOL.

© 2017 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PMID: 28371401 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Author information:

  1. Department of Ophthalmology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
  2. Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.