Evaluation Of The Impact Of Light Scatter From Glistenings In Pseudophakic Eyes

DeHoog E, Doraiswamy A.


PURPOSE: To study the impact of light scatter from glistenings in pseudophakic eyes using ray tracing in a model eye.

SETTING: Department of Research, Advanced Vision Science, Inc., Goleta, California, USA.

DESIGN: Mathematical modeling and simulation.

METHODS: A pseudophakic eye model was constructed in Zemax using the Arizona eye model as the basis. The Mie scattering theory was used to describe the intensity and direction of light as it scatters for a spherical particle immersed in a given media (intraocular lens [IOL]). The modeling and evaluation of scatter and modulation transfer function (MTF) were performed for several biomaterials with various size and density of glistenings under scotopic, mesopic, and photopic conditions.

RESULTS: As predicted by the Mie theory, the amount of scatter was a function of the relative difference in refractive index between the media and the scatterer, the size of the scatterer, and the volume fraction of the scatterer. The simulation demonstrated that an increase in density of glistenings can lead to a significant drop in the MTF of the IOL and the pseudophakic eye. This effect was more pronounced in IOLs with smaller cavitations, and the observation was consistent for all tested biomaterials.

CONCLUSIONS: Mathematical modeling demonstrated that glistenings in IOLs will lead to reduction in the MTF of the IOL and the pseudophakic eye. The loss in MTF was more pronounced at high densities and small cavitation sizes across all biomaterials. Inconsistent and poor clinical quantification of glistenings in IOLs may explain some inconsistencies in the literature.

J Cataract Refract Surg. 2014 Jan;40(1):95-103. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2013.10.018.

PMID: 24355722 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]